What the Whiplash and how treat that ?

– Painkillers such as paracetamol may relieve pain, but if it is severe and will not go away you should consult a doctor.

– Make the following exercises used to relieve pain and stiffness of neck and neck: Should be placed against a wall or door with his head and eyes move in the direction of clockwise. Repeat this movement several times as these make small movements that exercise the muscles of the head. Also be done by placing the palms on the face and pulling against them without moving your head. The next step is to perform a movement of neck back, lifting her chin. Return to the initial position and repeated several times. After trying with chin touching the chest, return to the starting position and repeat. Tilt the head so that the ear touches the shoulder of his hand, trying to stare at a fixed point. Return to the initial position, tilt toward the opposite shoulder and repeat. Move your head to the side as if trying to look back, first to the right, then to the left and so on several times but following a horizontal line with the look. You can use a soft ball for exercises. Place the ball between the wall and the front and try to move it up the wall or by circling the number eight. Repeat several times and then do the exercise with the ball between your neck and the wall.

– There is research showing that patients with whiplash injuries who do take rest and collar for weeks recover more slowly than those who try to lead a normal life.

How can a doctor diagnose whiplash?
The diagnosis is usually made based on the history of the injury and the discomfort that the patient has. This whiplash injury is not seen with X-rays , MRIs or scanner, although on occasion a radiograph is performed if there is suspicion of fracture or dislocation of the cervical spine.

The risk of persistent symptoms is very small and the possibility of full recovery is very high. But being a stress injury, the pain may last one or two months.

Whiplash syndrome
There are a small number of patients who continue to have symptoms after whiplash trauma and develop what is called “whiplash syndrome”. These people suffer constant headaches and lower neck movements and back, her arms itching, pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances and decreased libido. This syndrome is more difficult to treat. The key to treatment is to prevent further shake and be encouraged to return to normal activity.

How is the treatment of whiplash?
There is no single accepted treatment but no fracture or dislocation the patient can start doing the exercises and continue with a normal life as possible. In some cases it may be necessary to perform additional exercises to relieve pain, which can be achieved through rehabilitation programs, but most people with this injury the pain goes away soon.

What medication can be used in the treatment of whiplash?
You can use painkillers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for short periods of time to try to relieve headache and neck. Muscle relaxants may also be used. If the pains persist or be severe, a doctor should be consulted.

Dr. Helge Kasch , specialist in Neurology, Dr. Dai Rees , Specialist in Orthopaedic Surgery