What Sore Throat and How It Can be Cured ?

What are the signs of infection?
It is important to note that if the signs of the sore throat persists more than a few days or are severe, with significant difficulty swallowing, high fever or vomiting, you should consult a doctor.  Hot drinks and soft food can facilitate swallowing problems. Debe beber muchos líquidos. You should drink plenty of fluids.

– Sore throat and difficulty swallowing.
– The pain may spread to the ears.
– The throat is red, swollen tonsils and can be covered with a substance discharge (mucus) or whitish pus.
– Possibly a fever and swollen lymph nodes under the jaw or neck .
– If the sore throat is due to a viral infection, the symptoms are usually milder and usually manifests as a common cold.
– If the sore throat is due to Coxsackie virus, small blisters may develop on the tonsils and soft palate. The blisters erupt in a few days and are followed by a sore (ulcer) that can be very painful.
– If the sore throat is due to a streptococcal infection, the tonsils often swell and are covered with plates of pus and inflamed throat. The patient developed fever, have bad breath and you can feel quite ill.

How does the doctor make the diagnosis?
The doctor usually comes to diagnostic symptoms of the disease, but occasionally can be collected with a swab of the throat secretions and may require a blood sample to identify the cause.

What complications can occur?
A sore throat usually causes no problems and only lasts a week, but the following complications may occur:
– A secondary infection in the middle ear or sinuses .
– If sore throat is due to strep infection, there may be a generalized skin rash ( scarlet fever ) .
– An abscess is an infrequent complication pharyngeal, which usually occurs only on one side .
– In very rare cases can develop diseases such as rheumatic fever or kidney disease (glomerulonephritis) .

How can you treat a sore throat and what medication can help?
In the vast majority of cases, a sore throat caused by a viral infection need only be treated with acetaminophen or other pain relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain and bring down fever.

In a small percentage of patients, a sore throat caused by bacteria may require treatment with penicillin or erythromycin (the latter is required in cases with allergy to penicillin).