What is Menopause?

Research on the menopause are recent.A hundred years ago when life expectancy was shorter, many women did not live long in menopause and knew very little about it.

What is menopause?
All women experience menopause differently. Many do so without an apparent change of life, except for the fact that their periods become irregular and disappear. On the other hand there are many others whose life changes completely because they suffer all the symptoms of menopause.

What kind of changes because of menopause?
When a woman enters menopause often experience hot flashes.You may sweat a lot and then move on to a facial redness. Attacks can occur at any time, and often are often several per hour at the beginning of menopause. Each warm flushing lasts between 3-6 minutes.

Some women have trouble sleeping.Often they fall asleep, they are restless and wake up at night bathed in sweat. Some women sweat so much that they have to change the sheets several times during the night.

Some women suffer from depression , mood swings, fatigue and headaches .  Others have trouble remembering things.  Some have a little tolerant mood and get angry easily.  They often cause confusion in the rest of the family.

Psychological changes are only one part .

– During menopause women’s skin becomes thinner .
– The lack of estrogen often causes vaginal glands do not produce secretion for lubrication causing pain and burning during intercourse. Some women feel no pleasure in having others find that their orgasms are less intense.
– Lack of estrogen also affects the bladder and sometimes women need to go to the bathroom .
– Special attention is the issue of osteoporosis (bone thinning) in relation to menopause. Declining estrogen for years causes bone of menopausal women have greater ease of collapse or fracture .
– There is a gradual increase in the risk of heart disease and stroke after menopause.Besides the decrease in estrogen causes unfavorable changes in cholesterol and blood fat levels, which predisposes these diseases.

What can be done to address menopausal symptoms?
Medical treatment consists of adjusting the hormone levels of women who have problems with menopause symptoms. Some hormonal treatments can unhide the rules, but there are types of medication-free periods.

This treatment is called hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and the woman is given a small amount of estrogen and progesterone daily.

HRT is effective in resolving many women report hot flashes and overall improvement.

But HRT is not magic and if a woman has mood swings or behavior due to problems at home or at work HRT may not be the expectation that solves their problems.

HRT is often taken for a short period of 6 months to a year to resolve hot flashes.If a woman continues to take over a period of two years or more, increases protection against diseases of the heart and bones late fractures occurring in the decade of 60-70 years.

Recent studies show no evidence that use of HRT decreases the development of Alzheimer’s disease and colon cancer.

How do I take HRT?
There are many ways of taking HRT. The most common is taking a daily tablet, but alternatives include transdermal patches, a small implant under the skin, or a gel applied daily to the skin.

What kind of side effects of HRT?
Most women have no side effects, but the most common are:

Most of these symptoms disappear after the first few months of treatment . If not disappear you should consult a gynecologist to adjust medication.

In some cases, hormone replacement therapy can not be used, either because it is contraindicated, either because it is not tolerated by women. In these cases we have other alternative treatments .

– Sickness .
– Breast pain .
– Weight gain .
– Fluid retention .

Is HRT safe?
On balance women taking HRT live longer than those who do not take. Even mentioned side effects are minor compared with other more serious that can appear without HRT.

Women taking HRT for five years or more seem to have a significantly increased risk of breast cancer . These five years should be counted from 50 years or more, before 50 does not count. This does not mean women should stop taking automatically after 5 years, but there should be a breast cancer surveillance and perform breast self-examination to detect lumps.

There is also an increased risk of venous thrombosis (blockage in the leg veins for clots) during the first 6 months after starting HRT. The risk is very low but women with a previous episode of thrombosis need blood tests before starting special treatment.The decision to receive treatment should be based on weighing the benefits against the risks of receiving it.  Treatment is prescribed and is the physician who should be warned of these risks before starting treatment.

What can you do to have a menopause easier?
-Omo Regular exercise walking for 20-30 minutes three or four times a week can improve health and add years to your life.  Exercise strengthens bones, increases the quality of life and makes you sleep better.
– Eat the right thing is very important. For healthy bones, the body needs about 1,500 mg of calcium each day come from dairy products and cheese.
– Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.  Recent studies show that eating five pieces of fruit or vegetables a day can prevent these diseases.
– No smoking and that is not good for health.
– Having a positive attitude can help change lives less traumatic.Menopause is the beginning of a new stage of life in which you can make even large projects.