The Danger of Hashish, Marijuana and Other Cannabinoids!


What are the effects of cannabis?

By smoking a cigarette containing cannabis there is increased heart rate, conjunctival injection (red eyes), with dry mouth and increased appetite. In addition, the subject experiences feelings of euphoria, and overall well-being, self-confidence, along with relaxation. The subject perceives that time seems to pass more slowly, also experiencing changes in perceptions of hearing, taste and touch. Both the subjective and physiological effects appear almost immediately and the intensity with which are experienced will depend on the dosage, route of administration and the context consumption as well as the characteristics of the individual.

Acute adverse effects of cannabis

One of the most common side effects is the appearance of acute panic and anxiety , which can manifest between one fifth and one third of cannabis users, particularly among inexperienced smokers.

  • Cannabis triggers changes in memory and learning ability, which can have an impact, especially on consumers who are studying.
  • Altera psychomotor performance in tasks such as motor coordination, divided attention, so that may be affected driving or operating complex machinery after smoking small amounts of cannabis, thereby increasing the risk of accidents.
  • Psychotic symptoms may appear between hallucinations including visual, auditory and tactile, delusions, paranoid symptoms, depersonalization, and loss of judgment of reality.

Adverse effects of chronic cannabis

With continued use of cannabis may develop a dependency syndrome of this substance, which appears very similar to other drugs of abuse.

  • People who smoke cannabis develop respiratory and cardiovascular problems similar to those produced by the snuff , as tracheal and bronchial lesions, increased frequency of respiratory infections or bronchitis chronic. Also, like snuff, cannabis may cause various types of cancer.
  • It has been observed that the main psychoactive agent cannabis, THC, is immunosuppressive.
  • Smoking cannabis during pregnancy can have harmful effects on the developing fetus. Likewise, children of mothers who smoke cannabis may have more behavioral problems during childhood, and memory and concentration problems.
  • Described in the so-called regular users amotivational syndrome characterized by passivity, apathy, lack of desire to do anything.
  • In chronic users were observed cognitive deficits (memory, concentration, attention, etc..) Who do not recover to stop using.
  • Abuse of cannabis appears to interact with other vulnerability factors for developing schizophrenia , enhancing the risk of it, in fact, perish particularly clear evidence to suggest a strong association between cannabis use and an earlier age of first episode schizophrenia, especially in males. Furthermore, cannabis may worsen the course of schizophrenia in individuals who already have the disease.

What are side effects with cannabis?

Cannabis use may precipitate the emergence of a wide range of physical and psychiatric complications that usually trigger with continued use, but may also appear after a few loads. This depends largely on personal susceptibility and other consumer characteristics, the concurrent use of other drugs, or the circumstances in which this consumption occurs.

The adverse effects of cannabis can be grouped as acute, which would include all those who appear in sporadic or inexperienced consumers, or disappear within hours or days of quitting drugs. Moreover chronic adverse effects would appear that the effect continued.

What is cannabis?

Cannabis is the generic term used to refer to the various derivatives and psychoactive preparations of the plant Cannabis sativa. The active ingredient responsible for the major psychoactive effects of cannabis is Δ-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), there are also a number of active ingredients similar to THC and cannabinoids are known.

There are various terms used popularly to refer to preparations of cannabis, among them:

  • Cannabis herb grifa, kif: with these terms usually refers to preparations consumed smoked and consist female flowers and leaves of the plant dried with a THC content can vary greatly (between 0.3 and 55%).
  • Hashish, chocolate, cost: the terms used to indicate compounds containing sheets and without pollinate female flowers. Also consumed smoked. THC content is usually 4-10%.
  • Hash oil, or hashish resin liquid is a concentrate of cannabinoids obtained by solvent extraction of glandular hairs of the female plant with a THC content of 50 to 65%.
  • Bhang: consisting of flowers and fresh leaves, containing between 0.3 and 2% and is often consumed as a tea.

How to tell if your child is smoking cannabis?

It is important that parents are pending at any significant behavior change in adolescents. You may suspect that your child or someone close has been smoking cannabis when he observed in any of the following effects:

In addition, we must be aware of other aspects such as:

  • red, bloodshot eyes;
  • shows much less coordination than usual and yet not been drinking;
  • having difficulty concentrating or remembering things or recent events;
  • laugh for no reason, spontaneously;
  • manifest changes in academic performance, truancy and less interest in sports or other favorite activities;
  • changes in eating or sleeping habits.

Dr. Jose Martinez Raga , Specialist in Psychiatry. Addictive Behavior Unit 11 Health Area (Generalitat Valenciana)