How To Treat the Sprains and Bruises ?

As we see the fundamental measure is to apply local cold to the injured area, but it is essential to place a cloth between the ice pack and the skin, to avoid injury from frostbite.

If the skin takes a hard look or white, shall cease to apply cold and if it does not recover its normal color after a few minutes you should contact your doctor. A good way to do it is to apply ice for 15 minutes and rest 15 minutes, and so on.

The sensation of the cold may be different in each patient, from being cold, feel pain, feel hot, you may even feel that the area is “falls asleep” (tingling).

Caution should be exercised in the event that it is diabetic , and to avoid circulatory problems should consult their doctor before applying local cold.

Besides the local cold, another of the key measures is the immobilization of the injured area. This can be achieved with an elastic bandage that freeze well, exerts compression on the injured area, helping to reduce inflammation. Once the swelling has disappeared, you can use adhesive bandages. This bandage always have to watch: If the area around the bandage has a bluish or whitish and is cold, remove the bandage should immediately consult your doctor.

– Put ice cubes in a bag and place it on the injured area.
– In an emergency can use a bag frozen vegetables, for example peas that are adapted to the shape of the area that must be cooled.
– Use bags specifically designed for this purpose, which contain a special gel which is cooled in the freezer.

When to see a doctor?
– When the twist is accompanied by pain and swelling very important.
– If the injured joint is unstable and does not tolerate the load of the body weight.
– If pain persists, with no improvement after two days.
– If you do not see any improvement after applying for four days the measures discussed above.

How to prevent sprains?
Consider what is the possible cause of the twist, analyzing their activity:
When the pain and swelling have subsided should start exercising the affected area, but very smooth and progressive. It is important, after one or two days of rest, begin moving the joint to reduce healing of the injured area, which may cause some stiffness.

With any activity must make adequate heating, slowly progressive, along with stretching exercises before beginning. If the injured area permits, should try to stay active and fit.

- Have you run too fast?
– Have you made sport without stretching or warming pre?
– Are you using a shoe that is not right for the sport you do?
– Are you running on hard surfaces or irregular?
– Do you have an injury or weakness in any other area of your body, such as the knee , which forced him to overload other areas to compensate?

How to treat a bruise?
The bruising (discoloration of the skin) and hematomas (blood spills well circumscribed, subcutaneous in this case), can be treated with the measures discussed above, primarily local cold.

If the bruise is of a significant size, or bruises and hematomas occur without an obvious antecedent trauma, consult your doctor to rule out any blood clotting problems.

Gad Dr. Hans Johansen , orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Ejnar Kuur , orthopedic surgeon