How to prevent Vomiting in children ?

There are many reasons why a child may vomit.

  • If the amount is small and the baby is fine, may simply be that the child has eaten too much and vomits it ingested in excess.
  • ¬†Vomiting may occur in situations indigestion, accompanied often by diarrhea . One possible cause is an infection of the stomach by a virus .
  • When a child suffers from an ear infection ( otitis ), the throat , the respiratory tract or lungs, urinary tract or appendix (appendicitis), while experiencing a rise in temperature ( fever ), is also frequent vomiting.
  • Children subjected to severe stress in the school or home may vomit once. If this happens more frequently, you should consult with your doctor.

How do you treat vomiting in children?

  • Once the child has vomited, help him rinse his mouth with water, because the vomit leaves a sour taste. Young children who can not rinse may ingest some water.
  • After vomiting, the child is usually cold, sweaty and tired. Wipe your face with a damp towel and let rest. Most children want to sleep after vomiting and this is normal. Vig√≠lele frequently and are ready to help if you feel sick again.
  • Breastfeeding should be maintained, but if the vomiting persists, call your doctor.
  • If the child is older, it may be beneficial not give milk or dairy products for a couple of days.
  • Make sure the child is not dehydrated giving the drink plenty of fluids. Especially recommended dilute juice or cola drinks without gas (or previously removed with a spoon to remove it).
  • It should drink a lot of liquid immediately after vomiting, because the fluid can irritate the stomach and cause gets bad again. If the child does not tolerate any fluid, let rest for a couple of hours and try then to give small amounts, but often.
  • If in the meantime the child is thirsty, give small quantities of water with a teaspoon.
  • The stomach is better tolerated if water is not too cold. If the child wants to drink too much or avidly, give her a clean handkerchief soaked in cold water to suck on, or an ice cube or a pole.

How to prevent dehydration?

  • When vomiting while no diarrhea, can lead to excessive loss of fluid. This condition is not serious if it only lasts a couple of days, but if prolonged or repeated, talk with your doctor.
  • Your doctor may advise you to buy from your pharmacy a solution of electrolytes and carbohydrates, or powder packets to prepare. These solutions add an extra hydrating drinking water and salts that provides energy.
  • A less desirable alternative is to prepare yourself hydrating solution diluted with lemonade or water adding some salt and sugar. Add to a quart of water 8 teaspoons (40 grams) of sugar and a teaspoon (5 grams) of salt. If the child does not improve in a day or two, consult your doctor.
  • If the child is vomiting or diarrhea persists, call your doctor.

How can you tell if your child needs fluids?

Check how often do depositions. If still in diapers, you have to count the change. Another sign of dehydration is that the child cry without tears. Examine inside the mouth: the oral mucosa should be moist and pink, wet tongue must have saliva.

If the child refuses to drink fluids, will soon need them, in a way or another, so call the doctor.

Can be severe vomiting?

On rare occasions, when a child of three to five weeks old suddenly starts vomiting repeatedly and violently, you may develop pyloric stenosis, which is a closure or narrowing of the stomach outlet (pylorus) by a power excessive muscular ring that controls it. In these cases get medical help quickly. The disorder may require surgery, but the recovery is complete.

A picture of vomiting in a child under four years may be due to intussusception. This condition consists in that a part of intestine slips into the next, the same as do the pieces of a telescope. Toddlers can lift your legs, pale and remove blood with bowel. It is necessary to promptly consult with a doctor, but surgery is not always necessary.

If the child is behaving strangely, seems confusing or difficult to communicate, consult your doctor.

Dr Per Grinsted , general practitioner, Dr. Stuart Crisp , pediatric specialist, Dr. Stephen Green , a specialist in