How to Perform a Testicular Self-Examination ?

– Perform self-exploration while taking a hot bath or shower long as this softens the skin of the scrotum (skin that holds the testicles), which makes it easier to feel the testicles inside .
– Examine the scrotum in search of a possible bump on the skin or internal folds .
– Feel around the scrotum and testicles in the palm of your hand and feel the difference between the testicles. One is always higher and stays lower. This is completely normal .
– Examine one testicle, and then compare them with each other. Use both hands to gently rotate the testicles between the thumb and forefinger .
– Check the possible existence of lumps or bumps, as both testicles should be smooth except at one pole of the testis, the place where the tube that carries sperm, epididymis, and then continues with the vas deferens ( which is linked in vasectomy). It is situated on the top and back of the testicle, and usually is noticed as irregular.

Incidence of testicular cancer
The testicular cancer represents only 1% -2% of all cancers in males.The maximum involvement occurs between 15 and 35 years.

Although testicular cancer is rare, not so much finding a lump in the testicles. There are many conditions that can be easily confused with testicular cancer. Most of the time it is not anything serious. If there has been a self-exam and found a lump, you are advised to see a doctor for further exploration.

Dr. Ian Banks , general practitioner