How to make A child safe in the car ?

If a child is accustomed to be restrained in his chair, not protest when sitting in the child seat of another car.

What security measures are established for babies?

The baby should be secured in the vehicle as follows:

  • You must use a child seat specially designed for babies. This should be placed in the passenger seat, facing the back. This will only be the case if the car does not have airbags for the passenger or if the airbag can be deactivated when the child sit on this seat. The front seat must be moved back to the maximum. Must be a minimum distance of 20 cm between the dashboard and the seat to avoid injury to the child in the event of a frontal collision.
  • If your car has airbags for the passenger and can not be disabled, the child should be sitting in his chair, but in the back seat.
  • Both in the front and rear, the child must be secured with a safety belt three anchor points.
  • Remember that a baby can not sit in a chair for children for more than 20 or 30 minutes a day, because your back muscles are not yet fully developed. If the child will not drive every day can make a long trip occasionally, making periodic breaks.
  • If the child’s head above the top of the seat, then the seat is too small for him.
  • You can also put a baby in a carrycot to be attached (with handles hard). Secure portable crib with a special belt which have cars, or one of the seat belts with three anchor points in the car. You must wear a safety net over the crib to prevent the child from being ejected out of it in case of a collision. Bassinet be placed with the baby’s head is located towards the center of the car, thus reducing the risk of injury in the event the vehicle is involved in a side collision.

Safety measures for children from 9 months to 5 years

Children weighing 9 to 18 kg can sit in chairs approved for children and if you look back in the passenger seat, or looking back or forward if you are in the back seat. It’s safer for the child to sit facing backwards. The child seat must be secured by seat belts with three anchor points of the car and must comply with the instructions exactly gripping.

Safety measures for children 3 to 6 years

Children of this age and weighing between 15 and 25 kg should ride in the rear seat in a child restraint, approved, and go through the attached belt with three anchor points of the car.

Keep a special booster cushion for cars can be comfortable for children of this age group, but will not offer much security for the back, neck and head of the child as a child seat. These cushions for cars should also be secured with seat belts with three anchor points. In any case it is important to check if the child wears a seat belt properly secured. The shoulder belt should cross the shoulders and chest of the child. If the belt crosses the child’s neck is that the cushion is too small. You can put a bearing in the back so that the seat belt fits the child best.

Safety measures for children with a size greater than 140 cm

Children with a height greater than 140 cm can use regular seatbelts the car, but should sit in the back seat.

For what reason are airbags dangerous for children?

The airbags are designed to protect adults weighing about 75 kg. The airbag, when inflated, are very powerful and are located so low that could choke a child who was placed in front of it.

If your child is under 12 should never sit in the front seat if an airbag activated to bring before him. If your child is over 12 years and wants to sit in the front seat, move the seat as far back as possible.

Never put a child seat in the front passenger seat if the car has a passenger airbag. In some cars the driver can switch off the airbag, but must turn it back on when an adult use the seat.

What is considered a safe seat for children?

A chair suitable for children must meet safety standards. There are different safety standards, but is common to all is that the chair should not have been made before the year 1981, since then the requirements have changed from the current.

  • The standard is the British standard BS.
  • The standard E is the European standard for approval. In this there is no special requirement regarding the protection of the child’s head.
  • The standard is the standard DS Dane. Contains European approval and other requirements relating to the protection of the child’s head.
  • The standard is the standard T Swedish. It is most difficult to obtain and is only granted to the chairs of children standing looking back.

Is it safe enough secondhand chair?

Parents should make sure the child seat was manufactured using after 1981 and meets current requirements for safety.

  • Make sure that the chair has not been subjected to any car accident. Examine in detail the chair to see if there are cracks or marks and make sure the belt is intact.
  • Buy a seat only if it is certified by the standards set one of child seats

What safety precautions should be taken in a car?

Driving a car is one of the most dangerous activities with consequences that can make a person. Therefore, it is clear that we must take special precautions when driving with children.

Never leave a child alone in her chair as it might hurt, or moving, keep head accidentally below the belt, with a risk of suffocation.

  • Before starting, make sure the child seat is properly secured with the belt.
  • Do not put anything under the child who is in his chair, as this would not be protected by the belt in a crash.
  • If the belt is too loose you should be adjusted to suit the child’s body good. If the child is very loose in the chair, you can put a pair of rolled towels on each side of the child. It is possible to purchase cushions designed especially for this purpose.
  • All young children to be in a car should be insured in a chair right for them. All older children and adults should wear seat belts.
  • The driver must not start to see that all occupants are properly secured.
  • Passengers must be quiet in the car as the screams can disturb the driver and create unnecessary danger.
  • Only the child’s parents or other adults should unbuckle and buckle up child safety. Parents should not teach the child how to do it, because it could loosen the belt itself.
  • If the child is unbuckled seatbelt must be parked in a safe place and stay there until the child is returned to the subject properly.
  • If the child is constantly unbuckled his seatbelt, put a new lock that he can not let go.
  • Do not carry large or heavy objects on the rear seat or in the tray of the car, as they could be thrown forward in a collision and injure passengers. These objects should be stored in the trunk of the car.

Christel Bech , nurse, Dr. Stuart Crisp , pediatric specialist