How Can Treat Fungal Infections Of The Scalp ?

Who is at higher risk of infection and how it occurs?
Children are at the greatest risk of infection.It affects mostly from infancy to school age, with a tendency to spread to other children (schools, kindergartens, etc..). It is a rare infection in adults.
Furthermore, children are the ones who are more in touch with pets. In most cases, the infection is transmitted through the animals (dogs, cats, rabbits, etc.).

What are the symptoms?
There are different forms of presentation of ringworm of the scalp and can appear any of the following symptoms :
– Hair loss in circular areas .
– Injuries rounded, well defined, with red and swollen skin and with a varying degree of flaking .
– Areas with hair cut at the scalp, which are easily detached to pull them .
– Appearance of scalp areas with red spots with pus formation, and subsequent appearance of yellow crusts
– Some of the lesions may become secondarily infected by bacteria .
– Possible extent of injuries to the face or the body .
– Sometimes lymph nodes in the neck or neck may swell and become painful .
– They may also be other symptoms such as fever, headache or vomiting.

What can you do at home?
The fungi that cause infections are in many places, making it virtually impossible to eliminate completely.Avoid contact with animals showing signs of infection (rounded areas without hair, scaly skin on).

How is it diagnosed?
Many skin diseases showing similar symptoms, but they require quite different treatments. Therefore, it is important that the initial diagnosis is confirmed by laboratory tests, although not always indispensable.

Laboratory Tests can be performed by scraping the lesions to direct examination by microscopy and culture, in addition, some fungi become fluorescent when exposed to ultraviolet light (Wood).

If in doubt about the diagnosis, you should see a dermatologist.

What is the treatment?
The ringworm of the scalp to be treated with a drug orally, because the need for the drug to penetrate the hair follicle (where the hair is produced). Therefore, topical (applied directly to the lesion) used as the sole treatment, are ineffective.

Several drugs may be used.The most common are: terbinafine, itraconazole, griseofulvin, etc..Sometimes it may be necessary to treat with steroids, antibiotics and steroids or simultaneously.

The treatment duration varies between 4 and 8 weeks. Treatment should be initiated as soon as possible to avoid spreading the infection to other parts of the body or to other people.

Some ringworm of the scalp can cause areas of alopecia (bald) permanently, even though making a correct treatment.

It is important to look to people in close contact with the affected person, to investigate the cause of the disease.In principle, there is no justification to separate the infected children from school if an effective treatment is indicated.

It is advisable to examine your pets if they were affected, making treatment if infection is suspected.

Dr. Flemming Andersen , a specialist in dermatology,  Dr. Søderberg Ulla , a specialist in Dermatology; Dr. James Ferguson , a specialist in Dermatology