How Can Treat From Cold ?

It can also spread by hands if someone has the virus on them and then put them near the eyes or nose. This is probably the most common way to catch a cold.

Very young children, the elderly and malnourished people are more exposed to cold for sometimes have fewer defenses.

What are the symptoms of a cold?
– Runny or stuffy nose: the runny nose starts with a water like discharge, which becomes more thick and yellow .
– Sneezing .
– Difficulty breathing through the nose .
– Sore throat , especially on swallowing .
– Feeling of pressure in the ears .
– Watery eyes .
– Headache .
– Cough .
– Malaise .
– Fever , moderate to high. Children are more likely to have more fever than adults .

What can you do to avoid getting a cold?
– If possible, stay away from people with colds .
– Avoid crowded places, where the risk of infection is greater .
– Do not touch your nose or eyes after having physical contact with someone with a cold .
– Wash hands thoroughly, especially after blowing your nose .
– Keep rooms well ventilated .
– Avoid sudden temperature changes .

How does the doctor make a diagnosis?
Normally it is not likely that you consult a doctor, but you have to go to consultation in the following cases:

– If patients are older, and if they have a chronic illness, especially respiratory .
– If after 3 or 4 days there has been no improvement .
– If symptoms worsen rapidly (dark mucus, cough that does not yield, high fever), the risk of occurrence of other infections .

Usually a common cold does not cause serious discomfort and symptoms disappear in about 10 days at most. Possible complications include: eye inflammation , sinusitis , middle ear inflammation (otitis), sore throat (pharyngitis and tonsillitis), and pneumonia . The cause of these complications may be a germ infecting irritated mucous membrane that lines the inside of the airway.

How do you treat a cold?
There is no completely effective in treating the common cold. If you suffer from any other disease apart from the cold and it disappears in a week or two, there is a clear need to go to the doctor. As the cold is caused by a virus, antibiotics are not useful to cure, but may be needed to prevent superinfection by other germs, such as bacteria.

If necessary, take an analgesic antipyretic: recommended dose paracetamol 500-650 mg every 6-8 hours, use it with caution in people with liver problems ( alcoholism , hepatitis , etc.) and kidney.Your doctor will prescribe other medications (antibiotics, cough suppressants, mucolytics and expectorants, nasal decongestants), if necessary.

– No need to reduce daily activities, but usually the person gets tired more easily .
– Semi-liquid diet is advised, with plenty of water, fruit juices and hot meals.The symptoms can be relieved with hot drinks .
– It can relieve nasal congestion and improve breathing, nose applied in preparation of water and boiled with a little salt .
– Sleeping with a high pillow to elevate your head .
– Avoid smoking .Further irritates the mucous membrane of the nose and helps inhibit superinfection defenses .
– Avoid poorly ventilated indoor environments with fumes .
– Throw tissues away after use to prevent the spread of infection .

Dr Hanne Korsholm , general practitioner, Dr.  Stuart Crisp , specializing in Paediatrics