Androgenetic Alopecia: common baldness


What is the cause and how it occurs?
In androgenetic alopecia, the fundamental phenomenon, both in men and in women, is the progressive miniaturization of hair follicles in certain areas of the scalp, hair just transformed from terminal (Proper hair scalp from the 3 – 4 months of age, which results from the conversion of body hair after the effect of androgens) to hair, and finally disappears. It is a spontaneous and irreversible process that usually starts from adolescence, due to increased numbers and activity of androgens. Several androgens that can act on the hair with a different degree of activity, the most active hormone dihydrotestosterone.

Sensitive areas androgen activity are above the middle of the forehead and crown in man, and all upper and middle zone of the head in the woman, the degree of sensitivity and, therefore, the tendency to develop androgenetic alopecia, determined by an inheritance that is transmitted from parents to children with varying intensity (the famous family tradition).

The pattern of androgenetic alopecia in men varies from the accentuation of the inputs, to diffuse loss in the middle above the front and / or crown, to the loss of all hair except located in the margins rear and side of the head.The fundamental difference is that these women do not get to go completely bald. Women show a diffuse hair loss, often with more involvement in the upper center, without receding hairline hair, and may be visible scalp.

Therefore, androgenetic alopecia and a shortening of the hair thinning, called miniaturized hair. These hairs show a significant loss of diameter and length and are the defining feature of androgenetic alopecia. Baldness transforms long hair, thick and pigmented hair in a thin, lighter and fluffy.

How is it diagnosed?
– To perform a proper diagnosis and successful androgenetic alopecia, it is essential that your doctor perform a proper examination of the possible family and personal history .
– Also keep in mind the possibility that appears androgenetic alopecia associated to other capillaries .
– There may be other forms of alopecia, which appear alongside androgenetic alopecia.
– Other types of alopecia that can raise confusion with androgenetic alopecia are: telogen effluvium, anagen effluvium, traction alopecia, loose anagen syndrome, alopecia caused by drugs , diffuse alopecia areata, etc..

Placebo Products
We understand placebo substance that, lacking action itself therapeutic, healing has an effect if the receiver is convinced that the substance has really such action.Although they are not placebos in the strict sense, the market is saturated with preparations of vitamins and essential elements that tend to strengthen hair.Its usefulness is more than doubtful, since it really only benefit from its use those secondary alopecia a given deficit.

Minoxidil
It works by increasing the thickness of the hair shaft, as well as reducing the percentage of hairs in decay phase. It is used in different concentrations and sometimes associated with other substances to increase their effectiveness.

Finasteride
It is an orally administered drug that blocks testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, the hormone responsible for a greater measure of androgenetic alopecia.It is also used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia . It has been shown that greatly stops and alopecia in men a significant proportion, stimulates the growth of new hair.

Oral antiandrogens
In women can use oral antiandrogens: cyproterone acetate or flutamide. Reducen la caída y la seborrea. Reduce the fall and seborrhea.

Surgical treatments
It can perform hair transplants, which are implanted in the hair from the posterior or lateral areas of the head in the same patient.There are other techniques vary according to the extent and location of alopecia.

What is the treatment of androgenetic alopecia?
Treatment of alopecia is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. Paradoxically, a process essentially cosmetic dyes, arouse such deep concern among mankind.

The most frequently used treatments are:

What measures can be taken at home?
Each must decide how alopecia influences in his life.  Androgenetic alopecia affects a large proportion of the male population and each person reacts differently.

It is important to try to accept this type of alopecia.Alopecia is a biological process and as such, can be stopped or slowed down, but never cured.

Dr. Flemming Andersen , a specialist in dermatology, Dr. James Ferguson , a specialist in Dermatology